24 – Camerawork – shots

The following is a list of different shot types:

  • Extreme close up – Only one specific object or part of a character will be seen. This is because the camera is very close or zoomed into the focus of the shot. An example of this could be a shot of a phone where only the phone screen would be shown.
  • Close up – The shot will be filmed close to a characters face or object. However shows more of an object or person than an extreme close up. An example of this using the example of the phone again, instead of showing just the screen this type of shot would show the whole of the phone.
  • Mid Shot – There is a balance between the objects or people in the foreground and the background of the shot. A mid shot could show a character’s head and chest.
  • Two Shot – Two characters are seen in the frame at the same time. This may used most often for conversations between two characters.
  • Over the shoulder shot – A shot that contains a character’s shoulder and the side of their head. This allows the audience to see both the character and what the character is looking at.
  • POV Shot – This is any type of shot that is filmed in the perspective of a character within the scene. Hence point of view. This shot may be handheld and allow movement as that represents how a characters head would not be completely stationary.
  • Reaction Shot – This shot tends to follow another event within the scene. It also tends to be fairly close up on a particular character or characters faces to show their facial expression (and reaction) in response to the event before it. An example may be a character looking shocked after a particular event.
  • Establishing Shot – A shot that is often a wide shot and introduces a certain area or location to the audience. It is often wide as that allows the audience to see as much of the area being established as possible. An example of this could be if a certain scene is set in a scrapyard, the establishing shot may be a wide shot pointing down and showing all of the scrapyard.
  • Wide Shot – In a wide shot there is more of a focus on the background in the scene rather than the foreground. A wide shot can show a larger area and include much more than just a particular character or object.
  • Super wide shot – A super wide shot is very much like a wide shot but much further away and is not likely to show characters but is more likely to show a location instead. For example there could be a super wide shot of a city scape to establish the setting of the film.
  • Dutch tilt – This can be used for any shot and is simple tilting the camera so that it is not horizontal to the action of the screen and at an angle instead. This is often used to disorientate the audience in a way that might reflect the characters in the scene.